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Distinguishing Outlines – List 3 I-P

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Theory

Theory Intro

 1   Strokes

 2   Vowels

 3   Forming Outlines

 4   Circles

 5   Loops

 6   Hooks Intro

 7   Hooks R L

 8   Hooks N F V

 9   Shun Hook

10  Halving

11  Doubling

12  Hay Aspirate

13  W Forms

14  L Forms

15  R Forms

16  Imp/Imb

17  Ish

18  Prefixes

19  Suffixes General

20  Suffixes Contracted

Short Forms

SF Intro

SF List 1

SF List 2

SF List 3

SF List 4

Contractions

Contractions Intro

Contractions Main

Contractions Optional

Phrasing

1 Phrasing Intro & Contents list

2 Theory

3 Theory

4 Omission Part words

5 Omission Whole words

6 Miscellaneous

7 Miscellaneous

8 Intersections

Distinguishing Outlines

DO Intro

DO List 1 A-C

DO List 2 D-H

DO List 3 I-P

DO List 4 Q-Y

Vocabulary

Vocab Intro

Numbers

Punctuation

Word Lists

Text Lists from PDFs

 

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Page date 21 October 2015
icehouse oasthouse Pitman's New Era: icehouse oasthouse  
illinium rhenium random
Pitman's New Era: illinium rhenium random "Illinium" not in dictionary, outline is based on "alone"
illness wellness Pitman's New Era: illness wellness  
ill-wisher well-wisher Pitman's New Era: ill-wisher well-wisher  
impassioned impatient
Pitman's New Era: impassioned impatient  
impotent impudent Pitman's New Era: impotent impudent  
incandescent
incandescing

 

Pitman's New Era: incandescent incandescing "incandescent" is a contraction
incessant unceasing Pitman's New Era: incessant unceasing  
incisors scissors Pitman's New Era: incisors scissors  
incomer newcomer

 

Pitman's New Era: incomer newcomer  
indefinite undefined
Pitman's New Era: indefinite undefined  
indigent intelligent Pitman's New Era: indigent intelligent "intelligent" is a contraction
inequality iniquity Pitman's New Era: inequality iniquity "inequality " has the K on the line because it is using the short form "equal"
inevitable unavoidable Pitman's New Era: inevitable unavoidable  
influence voice Pitman's New Era: influence voice  
inform notify
Pitman's New Era: inform notify "inform" is a contraction. Vowel in "notify" is advisable
information notion opinion Pitman's New Era: information notion opinion  
ingenious ingenuous
Pitman's New Era: ingenious ingenuous ingenious = inventive

ingenuous = sincere, open

ingot nugget Pitman's New Era: ingot nugget  
inhuman inhumane Pitman's New Era: inhuman inhumane Vowel. See also human humane on List2
inner near Pitman's New Era: inner near Vowel
innocent
insane unseen
Pitman's New Era: innocent insane unseen Vowels advisable
inopportune
unfortunate

 

Pitman's New Era: inopportune unfortunate Better to use the optional contraction for "unfortunate" as shown
innovation invasion Pitman's New Era: innovation invasion Vowel
innovators inventors Pitman's New Era: innovators inventors The singular forms are easy to differentiate, but the plurals need care to form each circle correctly
insistent unsustained Pitman's New Era: insistent unsustained  
install instill
installed instilled
Pitman's New Era: install instill installed instilled Vowel
intelligible
knowledgeable
Pitman's New Era: intelligible knowledgeable  
interaction
interconnection
Pitman's New Era: interaction interconnection  
interjection introjection
Pitman's New Era: interjection introjection  
interpolate interpret Pitman's New Era: interpolate interpret  
interruption intrusion Pitman's New Era: interruption intrusion  
ion iron Pitman's New Era:  
Ireland island Pitman's New Era: Ireland island  
iridium radium rubidium
Pitman's New Era: irigium radium rubidium  
island land mount Pitman's New Era: island land mount  
issues issues shows Pitman's New Era: issues issues shows The second pronunciation of "issues" could be mistaken for shows if not vocalised and not clearly through the line
jailer jeweller Pitman's New Era: jailer jeweller Vowel helpful
January June
Pitman's New Era: january june  
joined/joint giant Pitman's New Era: joined/joint, giant  
knees nose Pitman's New Era: knees nose Vowel
know note
Pitman's New Era: know note Don't join "note" in phrases.
knows influences
Pitman's New Era: knows influences  
knuckle ankle Pitman's New Era: knuckle ankle  
lacerated ulcerated Pitman's New Era: lacerated ulcerated Vowel helpful
lady lad laddie Pitman's New Era: lady lad laddie  
large rather
Pitman's New Era: large rather  
last lost lowest least
Pitman's New Era: last lost lowest least Vowel necessary for "last" and "lost" and in the phrases "at last" and "at least"
late old later older latter Pitman's New Era: late old later older latter  
launderette laundry Pitman's New Era: launderette laundry Some people pronounce "launderette" incorrectly as "laundri-et"
lawyer liar Pitman's New Era: lawyer liar  
layman laymen Pitman's New Era: layman laymen Vowel. The second syllable often gets equal emphasis. Mostly used in the singular, therefore vocalise only the plural.
learnt/learned learnèd
Pitman's New Era: learnt learned learnèd
leaven loaves Pitman's New Era: leaven loaves  
legal illegal
Pitman's New Era: legal illegal Repeat the stroke
legible illegible
Pitman's New Era: legible illegible Repeat the stroke
lend/lent loaned Pitman's New Era: lend/lent loaned  
liberty particular
Pitman's New Era: liberty particular  
library laboratory
Pitman's New Era: library laboratory  
liqueur liquor Pitman's New Era: liqueur liquor "liqueur" = sweetened alcoholic cordial, accent on 2nd syllable, choice of outlines according to pronunciation.
"liquor" = alcoholic drink, accent on 1st syllable
lithely lively lovely Pitman's New Era: lithely lively lovely  
live move Pitman's New Era: live move  
loathe love Pitman's New Era: loathe love Vowel helpful
lots masses
Pitman's New Era: lots masses  
loud rowdy Pitman's New Era: loud rowdy  
madly moodily Pitman's New Era: madly moodily  
marauder martyr murder Pitman's New Era: marauder murder  
marshalcy marshalship Pitman's New Era: marshalcy marshalship Don't use a lone Ish for "-ship" in this case
may might
Pitman's New Era: may might Don't join "might" in phrases
members press Pitman's New Era: members press "Members" is a short form, therefore "press" is the one that needs the vowel
meteorology metrology Pitman's New Era: meteorology metrology meteorology = science of atmosphere
metrology = science of measurement
All other metro- words use halved M, including metric.
ministry monastery minister ministered Pitman's New Era: ministry monastery minister ministered "Ministry" is a contraction, therefore goes on the line
monk monkey

mink

Pitman's New Era: monk monkey

Pitman's New Era: mink

Vowel
minute month Pitman's New Era: minute month  
misquote
mistake mistook
Pitman's New Era: misquote mistake mistook Other derivatives follow "mistake" in omitting the T sound, but "mistook" has the Tee to distinguish the past tense – quicker than putting in a vowel sign.
moderate (adjective)
moderate (verb)
Pitman's New Era: moderate Vowel
monarch monarchy Pitman's New Era: monarch monarchy Vowel
moral morale
mortal mortally
Pitman's New Era: moral morale mortal mortally  
morality mortality Pitman's New Era: morality mortality  
Mrs Messrs Misses
Pitman's New Era: Mrs Messrs Misses Messrs is the plural of Mr e.g. Messrs Green and Brown, instead of Mr Green and Mr Brown. It was the norm in past years, but not used so much now
music-hall musical Pitman's New Era: music-hall musical  
nearest next honest newest
Pitman's New Era: nearest next honest newest  
necessarily sincerely Pitman's New Era: necessarily sincerely  
neon onion Pitman's New Era: neon onion Vowel
newer newest Pitman's New Era: newer newest A non-theory alternative to provide greater distinction would be to intersect the halved Ess of "newest" and omit the vowel sign
noble knowable notable
Pitman's New Era: noble notable See also enjoyable knowledgeable List2
noisy uneasy

noisily noisiness
nuisance

uneasily uneasiness

Pitman's New Era: noisy uneasy

Pitman's New Era: noisily noisiness nuisance

Pitman's New Era: uneasily uneasiness

Only "noisy uneasy" need distinguishing. The derivatives, although different, still benefit from added vowel signs.

See also  honestly nicely List2

note-taking
undertaking
Pitman's New Era: note-taking undertaking  
nowadays, in the past
Pitman's New Era: nowadays, in the past  
nuclear unclear Pitman's New Era: nuclear unclear  
opener pioneer Pitman's New Era: opener pioneer  
operation oppression portion Pitman's New Era: operation oppression portion See also aberration List1
operator porter
Pitman's New Era: operator porter  
oppose pass
Pitman's New Era: oppose pass Vowel
oppressor pursuer Pitman's New Era: oppressor pursuer  
orator rioter Pitman's New Era: orator rioter  
ordinance ordnance Pitman's New Era: ordinance ordnance Vowel

ordinance = orders
ordnance = artillery

original regional
Pitman's New Era: original regional  
outer true Pitman's New Era: outer true Vowel
outermost
uttermost utmost
Pitman's New Era: outermost uttermost utmost Outermost = farthest from the centre

Uttermost & utmost = to the greatest degree

See also upmost List 4

out-house
tea house
Pitman's New Era: out-house, tea house Vowel
overall overly Pitman's New Era: overall overly "Overall" has full stroke Ell and not short form for "all" as it needs to be able to form the plural when used as a noun.
overhaul uphold Pitman's New Era: overhaul uphold  
parasol parcel Pitman's New Era: parasol parcel  
parson person Pitman's New Era: parson person  
partner part-owner Pitman's New Era: partner part-owner  
passionate patient
Pitman's New Era: passionate patient  
pattern patron Pitman's New Era: pattern patron  
paddle boat
pedal boat
Pitman's New Era: paddle boat, pedal boat  
pavement paving Pitman's New Era: pavement paving Halved En to represent "-ment" is never vocalised
peaceful peaceable Pitman's New Era: peaceful peaceable  
peerless perilous Pitman's New Era: peerless perilous  
perfect provoked Pitman's New Era: perfect provoked Vowel
perish pursue Pitman's New Era: perish pursue  
permit promote
pre-empt
Pitman's New Era: permit promote pre-empt Vowel
persecute prosecute
Pitman's New Era: persecute prosecute  
Persia Prussia
Pitman's New Era: Persia Prussia Note that the placement of first place dot follows direction of stroke Ish/Zhee
personable presentable

 

Pitman's New Era: personable presentable Vowel helpful
perspicacity perspicuity Pitman's New Era: perspicacity perspicuity  
pervade provide pervasion provision Pitman's New Era: pervade provide pervasion provision  
petrify putrefy
Pitman's New Era: petrify putrefy  
pettiness pittance Pitman's New Era: pettiness pittance  
phosphate
phosphite


phosphorate phosphorite

phosphorus

Pitman's New Era: phosphorate/ite: the R Hook on the Eff is small and awkward – exaggerate it so that the Circle S turns into a loop shape. You might prefer to ignore the dictionary and use a halved Ray.

All chemical terms need extra study and care, as many are distinguished only by vowels, and T/D e.g. sulphite (halving), sulphide (stroke D).

pilaster upholster plaster Pitman's New Era: pilaster upholster plaster  
pilastered upholstered upholstery plastered Pitman's New Era: pilastered upholstered upholstery plastered  
platinum plutonium
Pitman's New Era: platinum plutonium  
pleasant pleasing
Pitman's New Era: pleasant pleasing See also complacent complaisant  List1
poor poorer pure purer
Pitman's New Era: poor poorer pure purer See also beerhouse poorhouse List1
porthole port-toll Pitman's New Era:  
prefer proffer Pitman's New Era: prefer proffer  
premier première primary Pitman's New Era: premier première primary  
pretend portend Pitman's New Era: pretend portend  
principal/principle upper Pitman's New Era: principal/principle upper principal = adjective
principle = noun

The Principal = the principal person in the college, i.e. the head.

producer purchaser predecessor Pitman's New Era: producer purchaser predecessor Vowel helpful
professing prophesying Pitman's New Era: professing prophesying prophesy = verb, pronounced "-sigh"
prophecy = noun, pronounced "-see"
prominent permanent pre-eminent
Pitman's New Era: prominent permanent pre-eminent  
pronouncement
pronunciation
Pitman's New Era: pronouncement pronunciation The "m" in "-ment" is omitted.

See also
announcement List 1 & renouncement List 4

property propriety
Pitman's New Era: property propriety  
propose purpose Pitman's New Era: propose purpose  

DO List 1 A-C   DO List 2 D-H   DO List 3 I-P   DO List 4 Q-Y

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