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Theory

Theory Intro

 1   Strokes

 2   Vowels

 3   Forming Outlines

 4   Circles

 5   Loops

 6   Hooks Intro

 7   Hooks R L

 8   Hooks N F V

 9   Shun Hook

10  Halving

11  Doubling

12  Hay Aspirate

13  W Forms

14  L Forms

15  R Forms

16  Imp/Imb

17  Ish

18  Prefixes

19  Suffixes General

20  Suffixes Contracted

Short Forms

SF Intro

SF List 1

SF List 2

SF List 3

SF List 4

Contractions

Contractions Intro

Contractions Main

Contractions Optional

Phrasing

1 Phrasing Intro & Contents list

2 Theory

3 Theory

4 Omission Part words

5 Omission Whole words

6 Miscellaneous

7 Miscellaneous

8 Intersections

Distinguishing Outlines

DO Intro

DO List 1 A-C

DO List 2 D-H

DO List 3 I-P

DO List 4 Q-Y

Vocabulary

Vocab Intro

Numbers

Punctuation

Word Lists

Text Lists from PDFs

 

Yellow Teddy's page


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PAGE DATE 16 February 2016

The list below is grouped by the ways in which the contractions are formed, and also by similarity of the part omitted:

  1. Using the first two or three consonants

  2. Omitting a medial consonant or syllable(s)

  3. Based on a short form

  4. Two strokes intersected

  5. Omitting the first syllable

Descriptions and some additional practice lists are on Contractions Intro page. Some instruction books call these short forms also and do not distinguish a separate list of contractions.

Column 1 = contractions, black ink

Column 2 = related words, blue ink

The omitted parts are shown in red text.

Amendments 16 July 2013: Several discrepancies have been found in the largest 1974 red dictionary, in comparison with the dictionaries produced before and after it, and so the outlines here have been corrected (see also Contractions Optional page)
 

1. Using first 2 or 3 consonants only

Related words

Pitman's New Era: advertise/advertised/advertisement advertising

advertise/advertised/advertisement

advertising

Pitman's New Era:

advert advertent adverted advertiser

Pitman's New Era: capable

capable

Pitman's New Era:

capably capableness capability

Pitman's New Era: certificate

certificate

Pitman's New Era:

certify certified certification certificated

Pitman's New Era:

character

characterful

Pitman's New Era:

characterise characterising

Pitman's New Era:

characterisation Choice of 2 contractions

Pitman's New Era: characteristic characteristically

characteristic

characteristically

 

Pitman's New Era: commercial/commercially commercialism

commercial/commercially

commercialism

Pitman's New Era:

commerce commercialise

Pitman's New Era: substantial/substantially, insubstantial/insubstantially, unsubstantial/unsubstantially

substantial/substantially

insubstantial/insubstantially

unsubstantial/unsubstantially

Advisable to insert the first vowel in the last two outlines. A non-dictionary alternative would be to write "insubstantial/ly" through the line.

Pitman's New Era:

substance substantiate substantiality substantive

Pitman's New Era: cross-examine/cross-examined/cross-examination, cross-examining

cross-examine/cross-examined/
cross-ex
amination

cross-examining

(i.e. "crossegsamine")

Pitman's New Era:

exam examine examining

Pitman's New Era:

examination examiner

Pitman's New Era: description

description

 

Top of page

Pitman's New Era:

descriptions* describe

*It is possible that the plural is not a contraction because it would be similar to "discourse".

See descriptive on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era: subscribe/subscribed subscribing subscription

subscribe/subscribed

subscribing

subscription

These cannot reverse the circle S to indicate an R, unlike description, as the angle is too sharp for a circle to be written clearly.

 

Pitman's New Era: unsubscribe/unsubscribed

unsubscribe/unsubscribed

Suggested outline, not in dictionary

Pitman's New Era:

subscript subscriber

These also omit the R.

See also superscribe/d/superscription on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era: difficulty

difficulty

Pitman's New Era:

difficult (Short form)

Pitman's New Era: discharge/discharged discharging dischargeable undischarged

discharge/discharged

discharging

dischargeable

undischarged

Pitman's New Era:

discharger

Pitman's New Era: electric electrical electrically electricity

electric Note plural "electrics" has full outline

electrical

electrically

electricity

Pitman's New Era:

electrics electrician electrify electrified

Pitman's New Era:

electrification electrocute* electrocution*

*Note U diphthong is turned on its side when attached, but not when unattached

See electron electronic on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era: enthusiasm/enthusiastic enthusiastically

enthusiasm/enthusiastic

enthusiastically

Pitman's New Era:

enthuse enthused enthusiast enthusiastical

Pitman's New Era: especial/especially

especial/especially

Pitman's New Era:

special/specially

Pitman's New Era: esquire

esquire

Pitman's New Era:

squire

Pitman's New Era: establish/established/establishment establishing establishmentarian

establish/established/establishment

establishing

establishmentarian

Pitman's New Era: disestablish/disestablished/
disestablishment
re-establish/re-established/re-establishment

disestablish/disestablished/
disestab
lishment

re-establish/re-established/
re-establishment*

*This one is exceptional, as the stroke for "re-" generally goes through the line.

Pitman's New Era:

establisher

Pitman's New Era: exchange/exchanged exchanging exchangeable exchangeability

exchange/exchanged

exchanging

exchangeable

exchangeability

See exchanger on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era: expediency inexpediency

expediency

inexpediency

 

 

 

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Pitman's New Era:

expedience expedite expedition

Pitman's New Era:

expedient expediently

See expeditiously on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era: expenditure

expenditure

Pitman's New Era:

expend expendable expended

Pitman's New Era: expensive expensively inexpensive

expensive

expensively

inexpensive

Pitman's New Era:

expense* expenses expensiveness

*consider inserting the 2nd vowel, to give greater distinction from "expenditure"

Pitman's New Era: familiar/familiarity familiarly unfamiliar/unfamiliarity

familiar/familiarity

familiarly

unfamiliar/unfamiliarity

 

Pitman's New Era: familiarise familiarising familiarisation

familiarise

familiarising

familiarisation

Pitman's New Era:

family familial

Pitman's New Era: January

January

Pitman's New Era:

Jan

Pitman's New Era: February

February

Pitman's New Era:

Feb

Pitman's New Era: financial/financially

financial/financially

Pitman's New Era:

finance finance* financing

Pitman's New Era:

financed financier

*Pronunciation of the first vowel of all these varies

Pitman's New Era: govern/governed governing government

govern/governed

governing

government

Pitman's New Era: governmental governable governability

governmental

governable

governability

 

Pitman's New Era: misgovern/misgoverned ungovernable

misgovern/misgoverned

ungovernable

Pitman's New Era:

governance governorate governess

See governor, and covenant which is similar,  on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era: immediate immediately

immediate

immediately

Pitman's New Era:

immediacy mediate medium

Pitman's New Era: imperturbable

imperturbable

Pitman's New Era:

imperturbably imperturbability

Pitman's New Era:

imperturbation perturb

Pitman's New Era: incorporated reincorporated

incorporated

reincorporated

 

 

 

 

 

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Pitman's New Era:

incorporate* incorporate** incorporating

*verb   **adjective, last vowel is short

Pitman's New Era:

incorporation reincorporate

Pitman's New Era:

Inc./ink

Pitman's New Era: independent/independently/independence

independent/independently/independence

Pitman's New Era:

independable (= not to be depended upon)

NOTE: The 1974 large dictionary shows the second vowel sign against the underside of the halved ND stroke; this is an error as that would signify that the vowel comes between the N and D.

Pitman's New Era: indispensable/indispensably

indispensable/indispensably

Pitman's New Era:

dispense dispensation dispensable

Pitman's New Era: individual/individually

individual/individually

Pitman's New Era:

individualise individualistic

Pitman's New Era:

individuality individualism indivisible

Pitman's New Era: inform/informed informing informer misinform/misinformed

inform/informed

informing

informer

misinform/misinformed

Pitman's New Era:

informant informative informal

Pitman's New Era:

information misinformation (short forms)

Pitman's New Era: inspect/inspected/inspection inspecting reinspect/reinspected/reinspection

inspect/inspected/inspection

inspecting

reinspect/reinspected/reinspection

Pitman's New Era:

inspector inspectorate

See inspector-general on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era: respect/respected respecting respective

respect/respected

respecting

respective

Pitman's New Era: respectively respectable respectability

respectively

respectable

respectability

Pitman's New Era:

respectful

respectfully

respectfulness

Pitman's New Era: disrespect/disrespected irrespective irrespectively

disrespect/disrespected

irrespective

irrespectively

Pitman's New Era:

respecter

Pitman's New Era: expect/expected expecting unexpected

expect/expected

expecting

unexpected

 

 

 

 

 

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Pitman's New Era:

expectant expectance expectancy

 

Pitman's New Era: expectorant

expectorant*

*Medical term, different meaning from all the others

See expectation on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era: imperfect/imperfectly/imperfection

imperfect/imperfectly/imperfection

Pitman's New Era:

imperfectness

Pitman's New Era:

perfect perfectly perfection

Pitman's New Era: architect/architecture/architectural

architect/architecture/architectural

Pitman's New Era:

architected architectonic

See architective on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era: object/objected objecting objection objectionable

object/objected

objecting

objection

objectionable

Pitman's New Era: objective objectively objectivity objectivism

objective

objectively*

objectivity

objectivism

*As stroke Ell joins well, there is no need to use the hooked VL stroke.

Pitman's New Era:

objector objectless

Pitman's New Era: prospect prospective prospectively prospectus

prospect

prospective

prospectively

prospectus

Pitman's New Era:

prospected prospection prospector

Pitman's New Era: retrospect retrospection retrospective retrospectively

retrospect

retrospection

retrospective

retrospectively

Pitman's New Era:

retro

Pitman's New Era: suspect/suspected suspecting unsuspected unsuspecting

suspect*/suspected

suspecting

unsuspected

unsuspecting

*verb only, accent on 2nd syllable susPECT

Pitman's New Era:

suspect* suspecter suspectable suspicion

See suspicious on Contractions Optional page

 

*Noun only, accent on first syllable SUSpect

Pitman's New Era: project/projected projecting unprojected

project/projected

projecting

unprojected

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Pitman's New Era:

projector projecture projectile* projectile*

*Pronunciations vary

Pitman's New Era:

projective projectively projet*  *French

See projection on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era: neglect/neglected neglecting

neglect/neglected

neglecting

Pitman's New Era: neglectful neglectfully

neglectful

neglectfully

Pitman's New Era:

neglecter

Pitman's New Era: prejudice/prejudiced/prejudicial/prejudicially prejudicing unprejudiced

prejudice/prejudiced/prejudicial/prejudicially

prejudicing

unprejudiced

Pitman's New Era:

prejudication prejudge prejudged

Pitman's New Era: insurance reinsurance

insurance

reinsurance

Pitman's New Era:

insure insured insurer

Pitman's New Era:

reinsure insurant insurants*

*Pronunciation is identical to "insurance", but here the short T sound is a meaningful part of the word

Pitman's New Era: investment disinvestment reinvestment

investment

disinvestment

reinvestment

Pitman's New Era:

invest investing investor invested

Pitman's New Era:

reinvest investiture

Pitman's New Era: irresponsible/irresponsibility

irresponsible/irresponsibility

Note plural "irresponsibilities" has full outline

Pitman's New Era:

irresponsibly irresponsibilities

Pitman's New Era: magnetic/magnetism magnetically

magnetic/magnetism

magnetically

See Theory Prefixes 18 page for all the magnet words

Pitman's New Era: manufacture/manufactured manufacturing manufacturer

manufacture/manufactured

manufacturing

manufacturer

Pitman's New Era:

manufactory

Pitman's New Era: mathematical/mathematically mathematician mathematics

mathematical/mathematically

mathematician

mathematics

Pitman's New Era:

math maths mathematic

The above are easy to differentiate from the contractions when unvocalised, as these are all in first position

Pitman's New Era: maximum

maximum

Pitman's New Era:

max/macs/Mac's maximal

Pitman's New Era:

maximise maximisation

Pitman's New Era: mechanical/mechanically

mechanical/mechanically

 

 

 

Top of page

Pitman's New Era:

mechanic mechanism

Pitman's New Era:

mechanisation mechanician

Pitman's New Era: metropolitan

metropolitan

Pitman's New Era:

metropolis

Pitman's New Era: mortgage/mortgaged mortgaging remortgage/remortgaged

mortgage/mortgaged

mortgaging

remortgage/remortgaged*

*Suggested outline, not in dictionary

Pitman's New Era:

mortgager mortgagor mortgagee

Pitman's New Era: never nevermore

never  Same outline as "November"

nevermore (Using short form)

Pitman's New Era:

evermore (Using short form)

Pitman's New Era: November

November

Same outline as "never"

Pitman's New Era:

Nov

Pitman's New Era: organise/organised organises organising organisation

organise/organised
organises
organising

organisation

Pitman's New Era: organisational organiser reorganised/reorganised

organisational

organiser

reorganise/reorganised

Pitman's New Era:

inorganisation*

unorganised*

disorganise/disorganised

*These two should not clash as they are different parts of speech. But if someone should say "unorganisation" then you would definitely need to insert the first vowel sign.

Pitman's New Era:

organism organisable

Pitman's New Era:

organic organist

Pitman's New Era: peculiar/peculiarity peculiarly

peculiar/peculiarity

peculiarly

Pitman's New Era:

peculiarise

Pitman's New Era: perform/performed performing performance

perform/performed

performing

performance

Pitman's New Era: performer performable unperformed

performer

performable

unperformed

Pitman's New Era: non-performance

non-performance

Pitman's New Era:

preform

Pitman's New Era:

reform/reformed
reforming

reformer

reformism

Pitman's New Era: reformist re-form

reformist re-form

See reformation on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era:

perpendicular

perpendicularly

Pitman's New Era:

perpendicularity

Pitman's New Era:

practice/practise/practised

practising

unpractised

Pitman's New Era:

practicable

practicably

practicability

Pitman's New Era:

impracticable

practice = noun; practise/d/ing = verb

Pitman's New Era:

practical practically practicality

 

Pitman's New Era:

impractical practiser* practician

*Spelled with S, as it is derived from the verb.

See practitioner on Contractions Optional page

 

Pitman's New Era:

preliminary

preliminaries

preliminarily

Pitman's New Era:

prelim prelims

Ensure clearly written through the line, and vocalisation would help as well.

Pitman's New Era:

probable/probably/probability

improbable/improbably/improbability

Pitman's New Era:

prob probs

Colloquial for "probably" "probabilities" "problems"

Pitman's New Era:

proportion/proportioned

proportioning

misproportion/misproportioned

 

Top of page

Pitman's New Era:

proportional proportionally

Pitman's New Era:

proportionable proportionment

Pitman's New Era:

proportionate/proportionately

disproportionate/disproportionately

 

Pitman's New Era:

public/publish/published

publishing

publicly

Pitman's New Era:

publishable

publication

publisher

Pitman's New Era: republish/ed, unpublished, unpublishable

republish/republished Same outline as "republic"

unpublished

unpublishable

Pitman's New Era:

pub publicity publicise

Pitman's New Era:

publicist public-house public-relations

See publican on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era:

republic  Same outline as "republish/ed"

republican

republicanise 

Pitman's New Era:

republicanism Choice of 2 contractions

 

Pitman's New Era:

recoverable
irrecoverable/irrecoverably

Pitman's New Era:

unrecoverable/unrecoverably
non-recoverable/non-recoverably*

*Suggested outline, not in dictionary

Pitman's New Era:

recover recoverer recovery

Pitman's New Era:

re-cover

Pitman's New Era:

regular

regularly

Pitman's New Era:

regularity regularise

Pitman's New Era:

regulation regulate regulator

Pitman's New Era:

irregular

irregularly

Pitman's New Era:

irregularity

 

Pitman's New Era:

represent/represented

representing

representative

Pitman's New Era:

representation

representational

Pitman's New Era:

misrepresent/misrepresented

unrepresented

unrepresentative

Pitman's New Era:

rep re-present re-presentation

Pitman's New Era:

responsible/responsibility

Note plural "responsibilities" has full outline. Where "responsibility" might be misread as "response", it is safer to use a full outline instead of the contraction.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Top of page

Pitman's New Era:

responsibly responsibilities

 

Pitman's New Era:

response* respond responded
*Consider vocalising, to distinguish from the contraction "responsibility".

Pitman's New Era:

responsive responsively

Pitman's New Era:

sensible/sensibly/sensibility

insensible/insensibly/insensibility

Pitman's New Era:

sense sensation sensitive senseless

Pitman's New Era:

unanimous/unanimously/unanimity

 

Pitman's New Era:

uniform/uniformly/uniformity

Pitman's New Era:

uniformed

Suggested outline, not in dictionary. An optional method for showing past tense of contractions is to be strike a short dash through the last stroke.

Pitman's New Era:

howsoever

Pitman's New Era:

how* so ever     *Short form

Pitman's New Era:

whereinsoever

Pitman's New Era:

wherein* so ever     *Using short form for "in"

Pitman's New Era:

wheresoever

Pitman's New Era:

where so ever

Pitman's New Era:

whithersoever

Pitman's New Era:

whither so ever

Pitman's New Era:

yesterday

Pitman's New Era:

yester yesternight yesteryear

Pitman's New Era:

deficient/deficiently/deficiency

Pitman's New Era:

deficit

Pitman's New Era:

efficient/efficiently/efficiency

inefficient/inefficiently/inefficiency

non-efficient/non-efficiently/non-efficiency*

*Outline is above the line, see non-efficiency on Prefixes page.

Pitman's New Era:

efficaceous efficacy

Pitman's New Era: sufficient/sufficiently/sufficiency insufficient/insufficiently/insufficiency

sufficient/sufficiently/sufficiency

insufficient/insufficiently/insufficiency

Pitman's New Era:

suffice sufficed sufficit*

*Suggested outline, not in dictionary. Latin for "it is enough, it suffices", but sometimes the English is used instead, which is pronounced the same e.g. "suffice it to say ... ".

Pitman's New Era: proficient/proficiently/proficiency

proficient/proficiently/proficiency

 

Pitman's New Era: distinguish-ed, distinguishing, distinguishable, indistinguishable

distinguish/distinguished

distinguishing

distinguishable

indistinguishable

Pitman's New Era: undistinguished

undistinguished

Pitman's New Era:

distinguisher distinct indistinct distinction

The hard G and K sounds are omitted from these outlines

Pitman's New Era: extinguish-ed extinguishing extinguishable

extinguish/extinguished
extinguishing

extinguishable

Pitman's New Era: inextinguishable unextinguishable

inextinguishable

unextinguishable

Necessary to insert the first vowel in the above two outlines.

Pitman's New Era:

extinguisher extinguishment extinct extinction

The hard G and K sounds are omitted from these outlines

Pitman's New Era: reqlinquish-ed relinquishing

relinquish/relinquished (i.e. "reling")
relinquishing
(i.e. "relinging")

 

Top of page

Pitman's New Era:

relinquishment

2. Omitting a medial consonant or syllable

 

Pitman's New Era:

destruction

destructive

destructively

destructiveness

Pitman's New Era:

destructor destructible destroy destroying

Pitman's New Era:

introduction

reintroduction

Pitman's New Era:

introduce introductory introductive

Pitman's New Era:

jurisdiction

jurisdictional

Pitman's New Era:

jurisdictive

See jurisprudence on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era:

obstruction

obstructive

obstructively

Pitman's New Era:

obstruct obstructed obstructer

Pitman's New Era:

production

productive

productively

productivity

Pitman's New Era:

productiveness

unproductive

non-productive

Pitman's New Era:

produce produced producer

Pitman's New Era:

produce product

Above two words both have accent on first syllable

 

See Distinguishing Outlines List 3 for producer/purchaser/predecessor

Pitman's New Era:

reproduction

reproductive

reproductively

Pitman's New Era:

 

reproduce repro

Pitman's New Era:

perspective

Pitman's New Era:

perspex perspicuous perspicaceous

Pitman's New Era:
abandonment

Pitman's New Era:

abandon abandoned abandoning abandoner

Pitman's New Era:

appointment

disappointment

reappointment

Pitman's New Era:

appoint appointing appointed

Pitman's New Era:

appointee appointer disappoint

Pitman's New Era:

assignment

reassignment

Pitman's New Era:

assign assigned assigning reassign

Pitman's New Era:

assigner assignor assignee assignation

Pitman's New Era:

attainment/atonement

See Theory 20 Suffixes for further explanation on attainment/atonement

Atonement is also on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era:

contentment

 

 

Top of page

Pitman's New Era:

content/contend contented contents/contends

See discontentment on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era:

contingency

Pitman's New Era:

contingent contingence

Pitman's New Era:

stringency

Pitman's New Era:

stringent astringent

See astringency on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era:

emergency

Pitman's New Era:

emerge emerging emergence

Pitman's New Era:

emergent emerged compare agency which would be less legible if it were contracted.

See also urgency on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era:

exigency

Pitman's New Era:

exigent exigently

Pitman's New Era:

danger

dangers

dangerous*

dangerously

*Stroke Ess is used to differentiate this outline from "dangers"

Pitman's New Era:

dangerousness

endanger

endangered

 

Pitman's New Era:

enlightenment

Pitman's New Era:

enlighten enlightened enlightening enlightener

Pitman's New Era:

entertainment

Pitman's New Era:

entertain entertaining entertainer

Pitman's New Era:

identical

identically

Pitman's New Era:

identity ID idea

Pitman's New Era:

ironmonger

ironmongery

 

Pitman's New Era:

iron

See ironmaster ironmould on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era:

messenger

 

 

 

Top of page

Pitman's New Era:

message Messager* Messenger*

*Suggested outlines, not in dictionary full outlines, as F forms/contractions are not generally used for names.

Pitman's New Era:

oneself

Pitman's New Era:

one self

Pitman's New Era:

passenger

Pitman's New Era:

passage

Pitman's New Era:

stranger

Pitman's New Era:

strange strangely strangest estrange

Pitman's New Era:

henceforward

Pitman's New Era:

hence forward*

*the R is omitted for "-ward" under normal rules

See henceforth on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era:

thenceforward

Pitman's New Era:

thence forward*

*the R is omitted for "-ward" under normal rules

See thenceforth on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era:

manuscript

Pitman's New Era:

script scripted

Pitman's New Era:

ministry

ministration

Pitman's New Era:

minister ministering ministerial

Pitman's New Era:

ministered* ministrant*

*These two also omit the R

Pitman's New Era:

monstrous

monstrously

monstrosity

Pitman's New Era:

monster monsters

Pitman's New Era:

demonstrate

demonstrating

demonstrated

Pitman's New Era:

demonstration demonstrator demonstrative demonstratively

These also omit the R

Pitman's New Era:

remonstrate

remonstrating

remonstrated

remonstration

Pitman's New Era:

remonstrative

remonstrator

remonstrance

Pitman's New Era:

remonstrant   This also omits the R

Pitman's New Era:

administrator

administratorship

administratrix

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Pitman's New Era:

administer administering administerial

 

Pitman's New Era:

administered administrate* administration admin

*Insert the last vowel, to distinguish from "administered"

Pitman's New Era:

administrable administrative administratively

The 6 outlines above also omit the R

Pitman's New Era:

knowledge

knowledgeable

knowledgeably

knowledgeability*

*Suggested outline, not in dictionary

See Distinguishing Outlines List 2 for enjoyable/knowledgeable

Pitman's New Era:

acknowledge

acknowledged

acknowledging

Pitman's New Era:

acknowledger

acknowledgement

 

Pitman's New Era:

amalgamate

amalgamating

amalgamated

Pitman's New Era:

amalgamation

amalgamator

Pitman's New Era:

amalgam

Pitman's New Era:

arbitrary

arbitrarily

arbitrate

arbitrating

Pitman's New Era:

arbitrated

arbitration

arbitrator

arbitratrix

Pitman's New Era:

arbiter arbitrable arbitral

See arbitrament on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era:

bankruptcy

Pitman's New Era:

bankrupt bankrupting bankrupted

Pitman's New Era:

defective

 

 

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Pitman's New Era:

defect defectively defectiveness defection

Pronunciation of "defect" could also be "dee-"

Here the hard G is omitted "ing-G-land":

Pitman's New Era:

England

Englander

English

un-English

Pitman's New Era: Englishism Englishman Englishwoman Englishwomen

Englishism

Englishman

Englishwoman*
Englishwomen*

*A non-dictionary suggestion might be to include the W semicircle within the outline, like washerwoman, this would be faster, seeing as the vowel sign is necessary for differentiation.

Pitman's New Era:

Inglis

 

See also England/Netherlands in Distinguishing Outlines List 2

Pitman's New Era:

executive

executrix

Pitman's New Era:

executor

executorship

Pitman's New Era:

execs* execute execution**

*Best vocalised, to differentiate from "executrix"

**The shun hook is facing away from the circle, for balance, rather than away from the preceding vowel.

Note U diphthong is turned on its side when attached, but not when unattached

Pitman's New Era:

executory executorial

Pitman's New Era:

investigation

Pitman's New Era:

investigate investigator investigative

These also omit the T

Pitman's New Era:

identification

Pitman's New Era:

identify identified identifying

Pitman's New Era:

inconsiderate

inconsiderately

 

 

 

 

 

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Pitman's New Era:

inconsideration inconsiderable unconsidered

Pitman's New Era:

considerate consideration considering reconsider

Pitman's New Era:

falsification

Pitman's New Era:

falsify false falsely falsehood

Pitman's New Era:

influential/influentially

Pitman's New Era:

influence* Compare with initial initially

*Short form

Pitmamn's New Era:

intelligence

intelligent/intelligently

unintelligent/unintelligently

intelligentsia

Pitman's New Era:

intelligible/intelligibly

unintelligible/unintelligibly

See intelligencer intelligential intelligibility on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era:

legislature

legislative

Pitman's New Era:

legislate legislation legislator

 

Pitman's New Era:

minimum

Pitman's New Era:

min minima minimise

Pitman's New Era:

minimal minimalist

Pitman's New Era:

negligence

Pitman's New Era:

negligent negligible negligibility

Pitman's New Era:

parliamentary

unparliamentary

Pitman's New Era:

parliament

See parliamentarian on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era:

questionable/questionably

questionableness

unquestionable/unquestionably

Pitman's New Era:

quest questing request requested

See question and requesting on Contractions Optional page

Pitman's New Era:

removable

unremovable

See irremovable/irremovably below

Pitman's New Era:

removably remove removal remover

Pitman's New Era:

satisfactory

satisfactorily

unsatisfactory

dissatisfactory

Pitman's New Era:

satisfy satisfied satisfying dissatisfied satisfaction*    *Short form

Pitman's New Era:

sympathetic

unsympathetic

 

 

 

 

 

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Pitman's New Era:

sympathy sympathise sympathiser

Pitman's New Era:

sympathetical sympathetically pathetic pathetically

Pitman's New Era:

telegram

 

Pitman's New Era:

telegraphic

Pitman's New Era:

telegraph telegraphy telegraphically telex (=Teleprinter Exchange)

Pitman's New Era:

universe

university

 

Pitman's New Era:

universal/universally

universality

Pitman's New Era:

uni varsity

3. Using short forms

List is not exhaustive

 

Pitman's New Era:

anything

nothing

nothingness

Pitman's New Era:

everything

something

Pitman's New Era:

any* no thing* every some    *Short forms

Pitman's New Era:

remarkable/remarkably

unremarkable/unremarkably

Pitman's New Era:

remark/remarked* re-mark     *Short form

Pitman's New Era:

thankful/thankfully

unthankful/unthankfully

Pitman's New Era:

thank/thanked*     *Short form

Pitman's New Era:

together togetherness altogether

Pitman's New Era:

to* all* gather

Compare with phrases to give* to go*

*Short forms

Pitman's New Era:

whenever

whensoever

whatever

Pitman's New Era:

whatsoever when* what* so ever

*Short forms

4. Intersected

 

Pitman's New Era:

denomination/denominational

undenominational

non-denominational*

*Suggested outline, not in dictionary; ensure to write the stroke Dee before the final N-Shun stroke.

Pitman's New Era:

denominate denominator*

Pitman's New Era:

denominationalism

*If you were using this word frequently, a non-dictionary suggestion might be to intersect a doubled stroke En i.e. de+nator

Pitman's New Era:

enlarge

enlarged

enlarging

enlargement

enlarger

Pitman's New Era:

large larger largely (short forms)

Pitman's New Era:

incandescence

incandescent

Pitman's New Era:

incandesce incandescing

Pitman's New Era:

inconvenient/inconveniently/inconvenience

Pitman's New Era:

inconveniencing inconvenienced

Pitman's New Era:

irremovable/irremovably

See removable above

 

Pitman's New Era:

misfortune

Pitman's New Era:

fortune

Pitman's New Era:

nevertheless

Pitman's New Era:

never* less     *Short form

Pitman's New Era:

notwithstanding

Only thus when one word

Pitman's New Era:

withstand withstanding withstood

Pitman's New Era:

ratepayers

Pitman's New Era:

ratepayer

Possibly it was considered that the singular form, if intersected, would look too much like the shorthand full-stop which is written as a small cross.

Pitman's New Era:

unprincipled

 

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Pitman's New Era:

principled principle/principal/principally*

*Short form

5. Omitting first syllable(s)

 

Pitman's New Era:

circumstantial

circumstantially

Pitman's New Era:

circumstantiate circumstantiality circumstance*

*Short form

Compare with substantial

contentment See contentment in section 2 above  
contingency See contingency in section 2 above  

Here nothing is omitted, but Tee is written in full to make derivatives easier:

Pitman's New Era:

interest

interested

interesting

Pitman's New Era:

interestingly

uninterested

Pitman's New Era:

disinterest* disinterested disinterestedness

*Suggested contraction. This outline, according to the dictionary, is given as an alternative for "disinterestedness" but as "disinterest" is now current, I suggest using the contraction for that word, and using the fuller outline for "disinterestedness". The outlines were obviously allocated before "disinterest" as a noun came into common usage.

 

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"Whatever is true, whatever is noble, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is admirable if anything is excellent or praiseworthy think about such things." (Philippians 4:8)

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